CALDWELL: town in Warren
County, New York, named for Gen.
James Caldwell, patentee.
CALEDONIA: village in
Livingston County, New York, named
from the ancient name of Scotland.
CALLICOON; town in Sullivan
County, New York. The word is said
to signify "turkey" in both Dutch
and Indian languages. The Dutch
word for "turkey," however, is
CAMDEN; village in Oneida
County, New York. Named for Chief
Justice Pratt, Earl of Camden, a
friend of the colonies during the
CAMERON; town in Steuben
County, New York, named for Dugald
Cameron, agent for the Pultney
CAMILLUS; village in
Onondaga County, New York
built within the state and board
limits, and named by members of
the Board for the Roman
CAMPBELL; county in Steuben
County, New York, named for the
Campbell family, early settlers.
CANADAWA; creek in
Chautauqua County, New York. An
Indian word, meaning "running
through the hemlocks."
CANAJOHARIE; town in
Montgomery County, New York. This
name was originally given to a
deep hole of foaming water at the
foot of one of the falls in
Canajoharie Creek. An Indian word
meaning "kettle that washes
itself," or "kettle-shaped hole in
a rock." Morgan says the meaning
is "washing the basin."
CANASERAGA; village in
Allegany County, New York. From an
Indian word, kanasawaga," several
strings of beads with a string
CANASTOTA; villages in
Madison County, New York. An
Indian word, kniste, or kanetota,
"pine tree standing alone." The
branches over the creek which
passes through the town.
CANEADEA; town in Allegany
County, New York. An Indian word
meaning "where the heavens rest
upon the earth."
CANISTEO: river and town in
Steuben County, New York. An
Indian word meaning "board on the
CANNONSVILLE: village in
Delaware County, New York, named
for Benjamin Cannon, early owner.
CANOGA: Village in Seneca
County, New York, named from a
large spring which affords
permanent motive power for two
mills. An Indian word meaning "oil
floating on the water."
CAPE VINCENT; town in
Jefferson County, New York, named
for Vincent, son of Le Ray de
CARROLLTON; town in
Cattaraugus County, New York,
named for G. Carroll, an original
CARYVILLE; town in Genesee
County, New York, named for col.
Alfred Cary, early settler.
CASSADAGA; lake, creek, and
village in Chautauqua County, New
York. An Indian word, meaning
"under the rocks."
CASTILE; town in Wyoming
county, New York, named from the
ancient kingdom of Spain.
CASTLE; island in the
Hudson River, New York, so called
from a stockade built by the Dutch
as a protection from the Indians.
CASTLETON; village in
Rensselaer County, New York, named
from an ancient Indian castle on
the adjacent hills.
CATARAQUE; river in New
York. An Indian word meaning "fort
in the water," the early name of
CATHARINE; town in Schuyler
County, New York, named for
Catharine Montour, the wife of an
CATO; town in Cayuga
County, New York, named by the
State land board in honor of the
CATSKILL; creek, mountains,
and town in Greene County, New
York. The mountains were called
katsbergs by the Dutch, from the
number of wild-cats found in them,
and the creek, which flows from
the mountains, was called
Katerskill, "tomcats' creek."
village in same county, and creek
in New York. An Indian word
meaning "bad smelling shore."
CAUGWAGA; creek in Erie
County, New York. A corruption of
the Indian gagwaga, "creek of the
CAWANESQUE; branch of the
Chemung River, in New York. An
Indian word meaning "at the long
CAYADUTTA; creek in Fulton
County, New York; stated by
Beauchamp to mean "stone standing
out of the water." The origin is
thought by Baylies to be purely
conjectural. The most noticeable
feature to which the name could
apply was a large rock in
midstream below some beautiful
CAYUGA; county, village in
same county, and lake in New York.
An Indian word, the derivation of
which is in dispute. The generally
accepted theory is that it means
"long lake," having been
originally applied to the lake,
which is 38 miles long and from 1
to 3 1/2 miles wide. Morgan
derives it from gweugweh, "the
mucky land," while others say that
it signifies "canoes pulled out of
the water." One of Iroquois tribes
was so called. Six small places in
the country bear this name.