They fired their revolvers into the air as a warning,
but that was not sufficient. More than one striker was
removed to neighboring drug stores and doctor's offices
to have wounds from
clubs dressed. Joseph Barondess, the strikers' leader,
was taken to the Elizabeth Street Police Station, but
When the paraders reached Union Square violent speeches
were made in which the police were alluded to as
"beasts" and "brutes". It had been announced that
several thousand strikers, men and women, would form in
Rutgers Place last evening and march to Union Square,
mass meeting was to be held. It was about 6 o'clock when
the cloakmakers began to assemble.
At that time a Roundsman and six patrolmen of the
Madison Street Station were on hand, and they ordered
the gathering to disperse. The strikers refused to do
so. The Roundsman ordered his men to draw their clubs
and clear the square. Then a scene of confusion
followed. The strikers were clubbed. As many as could
escape fled, closely followed by the policemen, into
Essex and Division Streets, where they ran into hallways
Israel German of 156 Suffolk Street had his head cut
open by a policeman's club. He was carried in a
semi-conscious condition to Dr. Levinsky's office, at 60
Jefferson Street, where Samuel Rosenthal of 11 Eldridge
Street was left to take charge of him, after the doctor
his wounds. David Davis of 7 Forsyth Street was clubbed
on the body and legs, and Joseph Fingould of 285 Monroe
Street had his right arm and wrist injured.
Leader Joseph Barondess, who was in the committee room
at 412 Grand Street, was summoned. He reached Rutgers
Square, where the strikers again endeavored to form a
line, just as Capt Grant and a squad of police from the
Madison Street Station arrived on the scene. Policemen
again drew their clubs when the strikers refused to
disperse, and a conflict with the crowd took place.
Policeman No. 720 fired his revolver into the air, and
several other policemen followed his example. Barondess
forced his way through the crowd and urged the police to
cease their clubbing. He says that Policeman No. 2,227,
who was whacking a striker, replied, with an oath: "I'll
The square was nearly cleared for the second time when
Joseph Bowlofsky arrived with a permit from
Superintendent Byrnes allowing the parade to take place.
Capt. Grant permitted the strikers to reassemble when
this was shown him. Before all had arrived he ordered
Barondess to start the parade.
This necessitated a division of the line into two parts.
The first division numbered about 3,500 men, the leader
claimed. Their route was Rutgers Place to Division
Street, to Attorney Street, to Broome Street, to Suffolk
Street, to Houston Street, to Second Avenue, to
to Fourth Avenue to Union Square. They did not meet with
any interference by the police after they left the
Barondess waited to take charge of the second section,
which, he said, was about 5,000 strong, including 800
women. Two bands accompanied this party, which Barondess
led from Rutgers Place to Canal Street. At this point,
between Mulberry and Elizabeth Streets, the parade was
again stopped, this time by the police of the Elizabeth
Street Station. Barondess was taken to the Station
House. Police Headquarters was communicated with, and on
being informed by Superintendent Byrnes that he had
issued a permit for the parade, the leader of the
cloakmakers was permitted to go.
Then the parade proceeded through Mulberry Street to
Hester Street, to the Bowery, to Fourth Avenue, to Union
Square. Barondess addressed the crowd, and urged them to
be orderly. He called the police "blue-coated beasts."
"Tyrants." and "brutes". "Mob the police!" cried an
At this outbreak another riot seemed imminent. The
police from the Twenty-second Street Station and the
Park policemen started to draw their clubs as the
strikers turned toward them with hisses, groans, and
clenched fists, but the speaker urged the mob to be
quiet and trouble was averted.
In continuing, the speaker dwelt at some length on the
strike and the disturbance in Rutgers Place. At the
conclusion of his address he brought forward Israel
German, who had been clubbed early in the evening, as a
"terrible example of the outrage." Half a dozen other
speakers delivered addresses predicting success and
shorter hours of labor.