Troops Employed in 1861

 
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Chapter IX Pages 103-104

The false economy which in "piping peace" discountenances preparation for war became manifest before the end of 1861. A few paltry successes and one distinct disaster constituted all there was to show, in spite of the fact that there were mustered into service during the year:

Under the President's call of April 15th for 75,000

Militia...................................................................................93,326

Under the call of May 3rd and the Acts of July 22nd and 25th...............714,231
                                                                                                                    _________
Total..................................................................................807,557

The number of troops in the field on January 1, 1862, was:

Regulars...............................................................................22,425
Volunteers.......................................................................... 553,492
                                                                                                                    ________
Total..................................................................................575,917
Adding the militia.....................................................................93,326
                                                                                                                     ________
Grand total of troops under pay in 1861........................................669, 243 (65)

The Confederate forces in January, 1862, did not exceed...................232,138 (66)

Excess of Federal over Confederate troops....................................437,105

The maintenance of these vast numbers of troops for eight months cost the United States no less than $238,392,488.77 (67)

FOOTNOTES (65-67) ON CHAPTER IX Pages: 103-104

65.Report of the Provost-Marshal-General, I, pp. 102 and 160.

66. Jones, War Statistics; Draper, II, p. 165.

67. Aside from the appropriation for the Regular Army for 1861, it was necessary to make an additional appropriation of $208,392,488.77 on February 25, 1862, supplemented by $30,000,000 on May 14th for further pay for the volunteers.-- Upton, p.267.

Website: The History Box.com
Article Name: Troops Employed in 1861
Researcher/Transcriber Miriam Medina

Source:

BIBLIOGRAPHY: From my collection of Books: The Military Unpreparedness of the United States- A History of American Land Forces from Colonial Times until June 1, 1915. By Frederic Louis Huidekoper; Publisher: The Macmillan Company-New York 1916
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