The House of Rothschild: Genealogy Information Part III

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Rothschild, James (Edmond Armand) De

Active in Palestinean matters; b. Paris, 1878; son of Baron Edmond. He served in the World War on the French and Palestinean fronts, joining the Royal Fusiliers in 1918. He became a naturalized British subject, and has been a member of parliament since 1929. In 1921 he visited the United States and Canada in the interests of Zionism, and takes a keen interest in the political and economic development of Palestine. He is the president of Pica.

Rothschild, Lionel Nathan De:

Senior partner of the English firm; b. London, 1882. Son of Leopold de Rothschild. He was a member of Parliament 1910-23.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter, Lord:

Second baron, Naturalist: b. London 1868. He was a member of parliament from 1899 to 1901, Lieutenant for the City of London, and Trustee of the British Museum. He has devoted his life to natural history and built a museum at his residence. Tring Park, of birds and butterflies to replenish which he has sent expeditions to all parts of the world. In the World War he took an interest in Zionism, and the Balfour Declaration was addressed to him as President of the English Zionist Federation. He is author of "Avifauna of laysan," and has edited a periodical devoted to zoology. He is unmarried, and his heir is a nephew, Nathaniel Meyer Victor Rothschild (b. 1910).

Rothschild, Nathan (Nathaniel) Meyer, Lord:

First Jew raised to the British peerage; lay head of the community; b. London, 1840: d. there, 1915. He was the son of Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, and Charlotte, daughter of Karl von Rothschild of Naples. He married Emma Louise, daughter of Karl von Rothschild of Frankfort, by whom he had three children, Lionel Walter, who has succeeded to the title; Charlotte Louise Evelina (Mrs. Clive Behrens), and Nathaniel Charles (1877-1926). On completing his education, Nathan joined the firm of N.M. Rothschild and Sons, London. On the death of his father in 1879, he became head of the firm, being joined by his brothers, Leopold (1846-1917) and Alfred (1842-1918). Appointed a governor of the Bank of England, Lord Rothschild was in his day one of the great factors in the world of international finance. By his conduct in the Baring crisis, a failure that produced a "black Friday" in London, by generous support of savings institutions when faced with a run, his saving Egypt from bankruptcy, he achieved for himself and his firm a record for probity, which more than counterbalanced the general feeling of those who came in contact with him, and declared that "he was Rothschild, and he knew it."

His participation in Jewish affairs was unique and vigorous. By his wealth, tradition and prestige, he was the outstanding Jew in the world, from 1875 and 1905. He fully recognized the fact, assumed the responsibilities, though when in a document he was described as "Prince of the Exile," he blue-penciled the phrase. In accordance with his family traditions, his bank was closed on Sabbaths and festivals, and in his house in Piccadilly a piece of a cornice was broken as a token of exile. He was formally orthodox, President of the United Synagogue and Warden of the Great Synagogue, the historic and typically orthodox Ashkenaz synagogue of London. He made it his duty to worship at various free synagogs on the Days of Atonement,, and participated in the services by reading the Haftarah of Mincha (The Book of Jonah). His largesse included giving every mi8nister a gift on his marriage and of providing institutions, and whoever applied, with cuttings and branches for decorating succas on the Feast of Tabernacles. he was a considerable supporter of all the Jewish charities of London and the chief benefactor of the Jew's Free School, which provided its thousands of pupils with meals and clothing, as well as with education. His interest in the London Jewish poor led him to devise the "East End Scheme," for the improvement of the spiritual and social life of the Whitechapel community and he proposed in 1890 to launch it with a gift of $100,000. He, however, withdrew from it when it was opposed by Samuel Montagu (later Lord Swaythling). His permanent contributions to Anglo-Jewry was the devising of the financial system of the United Synagogue and his still more notable success was the organization of the Four Percent Industrial Dwellings Co. which replaced the most notorious of the East London slum districts with model tenements, building decade after decade, new additions without calling for new capital.

His public appearances were rare, and his speeches always brief and simple. He maintained a Jewish secretary, and his firm had its private charity force in addition to its contributions to public institutions. Somewhat taciturn both in speech and correspondence, his views on Jewish questions were little known. He unhesitatingly financed all the expenses of the defense in one of the Blood Accusations. More publicly he made it known that neither Russia nor Roumania could borrow any money in the world market with his support as long as they persecuted Jews. Equally explicitly he refused to ally himself with  the opposition organized in 1900 to oppose Theodor Herzl's financial plans, and in 1902, being a member of the Royal Commission on Alien Immigration, he met Herzl and indorsed his El Arish and later his East African projects.

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Website: The History
Article Name: The House of Rothschild: Genealogy Information Part III
Researcher/Transcriber Miriam Medina


BIBLIOGRAPHY: From my collection of Books: The Encyclopedia of Jewish Knowledge In One Volume, Edited by Jacob De Haas; in collaboration with more than 150 scholars and specialists. Behrman's Jewish Book House New York, 1934.
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