1 8 6 2
1.Mason and Slidell left Fort Warren for England, in the British steamer
11. Simon Cameron resigned as
Secretary of War, and E.M.
19. Battle of Millsprings, Ky.,
General Zollicoffer, C.S.A.,
23. The second stone fleet sunk
in Charleston Harbor.
31. Congress passed an act
giving the President the
authority to take possession of
all the railroads and telegraph
lines in the United States
whenever he thought the public
safety required it.
3. Confederate steamer Nashville allowed to leave Southampton,
England, and the Union gunboat
Tuscarora detained twenty-four
hours, until the Nashville
5. Jesse D. Bright, of Indiana, expelled from the United States Senate.
8. Battle of Roanoke Island, General Burnside captured six forts, taking
about 3,000 small arms and
destroying all the Confederate
fleet except two vessels; 2,500
prisoners and a large quantity
of ammunition captured.
9. Gen. C.P. Stone arrested for treason and sent to Fort Lafayette.
13. General Curtis took
possession of Springfield, Mo.
16. Tennessee Iron Works, near
Dover, destroyed by the United
States gunboat St. Louis.
17. Two Confederate regiments of
Tennesseeans, unaware of the
capture of Fort Donelson,
marched into the fort with
colors flying and drums beating
to reinforce Floyd and Pillow,
and were all taken prisoners.
22. Jefferson Davis inaugurated
president, and A.H. Stephens,
vice-president, of the Southern
23. Forty-two officers and men
of the Missouri Cavalry poisoned
at Fayetteville, Ark., by a
quantity of poisoned meal left
behind by the Confederates.
25. Nashville, Tenn., occupied
by Union troops.
3. Gen. R.E. Lee's Army called to Richmond, Va.
4. Andrew Johnson appointed military governor of Tennessee.
5. Gen. G.T. Beauregard assumes command of the Confederate Army of the
6. President Lincoln recommended that the Government cooperate with any
State that would abolish
slavery, by giving whatever
pecuniary aid was necessary to
compensate them for the
inconvenience of the change.
8. The Army of the Potomac was divided into five corps by order of the
President, the first commanded
by Major-General Sumner, the
second by Major-General
McDowell, the third by
the fourth by Brigadier-General
Keyes, and the fifth by
Major-General Banks. Confederate
steamers Merrimac, Jamestown,
and Yorktown attacked the Union
fleet in Hampton Roads,
destroying the Cumberland and
Congress, and damaging several
9. Duel of the Monitor and Merrimac in Hampton Roads. After three hours'
fighting the Merrimac was towed
under the protection of the
battery at Sewell's Point, but
did not renew the contest. The
Monitor was uninjured.
11. General McClellan relieved
of the command of the armies of
the United States, but retained
command of the Army of the
11-12 Winchester, Va., abandoned
by Confederates and occupied by
13. Gen. R.E. Lee charged with
the military operations of the
armies of the Confederacy.
14. Brigadier-General Rosecrans
assumed command of the Mountain
16. General Garfield, with 600
Ohio and Kentucky Volunteers,
surprised and routed the enemy
at Pound Gap, Tenn., burned the
camp, with arms and munitions,
and returned without loss or
damage to a single man.
17. Embarkation of the Army of
the Potomac for the Peninsula
commenced at Alexandria, Va.
18. Jefferson Davis recommended
that all paroled Confederate
soldiers be released from parole
and compelled to reenter the
20. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler
assumed command of the
Department of the Gulf.
24. Anti-Secession meeting at
Jacksonville, Fla, which
condemned the State Secession
29. Maj. Gen. John A. Dix
assigned to command of the
Middle Department, headquarters
at Baltimore, Md.
2. All United States recruiting officers ordered to return to their
respective regiments, the force
in the field being deemed
sufficient for the speedy
termination of the war.
7. Maj. Gen. A.S. Johnston, C.S.A., killed at the battle of Shiloah,
9. Jacksonville, Fla., evacuated by Union forces.
10-11. Fort Pulaski, commanding
the approach to Savannah,
surrendered after a bombardment
of thirty hours. The Merrimac
made her second appearance in
Hampton Roads and destroyed 3
small vessels. Congress
abolished slavery in the
District of Columbia.
17. Grierson's raid. (See May 2)
18-28. Bombardment and capture
of Forts Jackson and St. P hilip
on the Mississippi. (See April
24. The Union fleet, having
removed the obstructions in the
Mississippi, passed Forts
Jackson and St. Philip on the
way to New Orleans.
25. Commodore Farragut arrived
at New Orleans and took
possession of the city; Gen.
C.F. Smith died at Savannah,
28. Surrender of Forts Jackson
and St. Philip, Miss.; while the
terms of surrender were being
settled the Confederates set
fire to the ram Louisiana and
sent it down against the Union
fleet, but it exploded
9. Major-General Hunter, commanding Department of the South, declared
Georgia, Florida, and South
Carolina under martial law, and
the slaves in those states free.
(See May 19th)
9-12 Confederates evacuated Pensacola, Fla., and destroyed the navy-yard.
10. The Union forces took
possession of Norfolk, Va.; the
result of this movement was the
destruction of the ironclad
Merrimac and the capture of a
number of guns and a large
amount of ammunition; Gosport
Navy-Yard destroyed by
Confederates; naval engagement
on the Mississippi above Fort
Wright, during which an attempt
to board the United States
gunboat Cincinnati was twice
repulsed by the use of hot water
11. Robert Small, a slave,
navigated an armed Confederate
steamer with a crew of slaves
and their families from
Charleston, S.C., and
surrendered to the United States
19. President Lincoln declared
General Hunter's proclamation of
may 9 to have been issued
without authority and therefore
30. Union troops took possession
of Corinth, Miss.
3. Confederate officers ordered to wear fatigue dress and not to expose
themselves unnecessarily in
battle, as it is unsoldierlike.
6. Gunboat engagement on the Mississippi, near Memphis; seven Confederate
boats were destroyed or
captured; after the naval battle
Memphis surrendered to the Union
troops; General Ashby, C.S.A.,
killed near Harrisonburg, Va.
7. William B. Mumford hung at New Orleans by order of Gen. B.F. Butler,
for high treason in tearing down
the American flag.
18. Union troops occupied
Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.
23. Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck
assumed command of the armies of
the United States.
26. General Pope assigned to the
command of the Army of Virginia;
Maj. Gen. N.P. Banks and Irvin
McDowell, U.S.A., assumed
command of the Second and Third
Corps, Army of Virginia;
Commodore Farragut's fleet
passed Vicksburg and joined
Commodore Davis's fleet above.
27. Bombardment of Vicksburg
commenced; General Fremont
relieved of his command.
29. Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel,
U.S.A., assumed command of the
First Corps, Army of Virginia.
1. Battle of malvern Hill and last of the Richmond battles; President
Lincoln called for 300,000
11. General Halleck appointed
commander of all the land forces
of the United States;
Confederate General Morgan
entered Glasgow, Ky., and called
upon the Kentuckians to rise.
18. A band of Confederates
entered Newburg, Ind., destroyed
hospital stores, and captured
250 stand of arms; General
21. John S. Phelps appointed
military governor of Arkansas.
22.Siege of Vicksburg abandoned.
3. The Confederate General Jeff Thompson defeated near Memphis, Tenn.;
General Halleck ordered General
McClellan to evacuate the
peninsula of Virginia.
4.The Secretary of War ordered a draft of 300,000 men; Confederate ram
Arkansas destroyed by her crew;
General Butler ordered that the
subscribers to the Confederate
loan fund of $1,250,000 for the
defense of New Orleans against
the United States Government
should be assessed at the rate
of one-fourth their
subscription, for the support of
the poor of the city.
5. Gen. Robert McCook killed by Confederates while wounded and riding in
8. United States War Department ordered the arrest of all persons who
16. General McClellan evacuated
Harrisons Landing, Virginia.
19. General Wright placed in
command of the Department of the
Ohio; Col. Rodney Mason
surrendered Clarksville, Tenn.,
to an inferior force without
firing a gun, and was cashiered
27. Federal gunboats destroyed
the Confederate works at City
28. General Scofield, commanding
at St. Louis, assessed $500,000
on the Secessionists of that
county to equip the militia
enrolled for the defense of the
State, and to support their
1. The Union Troops evacuated Lexington, Ky.
2. General McClellan appointed to the command of the troops for the
defense of Washington; martial
law declared in Cincinnati,
Ohio, and Newport and Covington,
5. Confederates began crossing the Potomac into Maryland.
6. Colonel Lowe recaptured Clarksville, Tenn.
7. General Banks assigned to the command of the fortifications in and
around Washington; General
McClellan took the field at the
head of the Army of the Potomac.
11. Governor Curtin, of
Pennsylvania, called out 50,000
citizens for immediate service
to repel an expected advance of
the Confederates into that
14. Battle of South Mountain,
Maryland; General Reno killed.
15. Harpers Ferry surrendered,
after two days' fighting, to the
enemy, with all the garrison,
consisting of 8,000 men.
16. Mumfordsville, Ky., captured
by the Confederates; about 4,000
18. Confederates recrossed the
Potomac into Virginia, having
been in Maryland two weeks;
Confederates evacuated Harpers
19. General McCook recaptured
22. President Lincoln's
issued; ten citizens of Missouri
who had violated their oath of
allegiance to the United States
shot at Hudson, Mo., by order of
29. General Nelson was shot by
Gen. Jeff. C. Davis at
3. Army of the Potomac reviewed by President Lincoln near Harpers Ferry,
10. Confederate cavalry, under
General Stuart, entered
Chambersburg, Pa., and captured
a quantity of small arms and
18. General Morgan, C.S.A.,
occupied Lexington, Ky.
22. Confederate salt works in
30. General Rosecrans assumed
command of the Army of the
Cumberland; General Mitchell
died at Port Royal, S.C.
1. Ex-President Buchanan published in the Washington National
Intelligencer a defense of his
administration in regard to the
anticipated rebellion in the
5. General McClellan relieved of the command or the Army of the Potomac
and General Burnside put in his
11. Under the cartel the
following United States officers
Brigadier-generals, 3; colonels,
18; lieutenant-colonels, 19;
captains, 431; lieutenants, 545.
Confederate officers: Colonels,
27; lieutenant-colonels, 17;
captains, 467; lieutenants,
1,085. About 24,000 privates
were also exchanged, leaving a
balance due the United States of
16. President Lincoln enjoined
on the United States forces the
orderly observance of the
17. Jefferson Davis issued a
proclamation that unless General
McNeill, of the Missouri
Militia, who had hanged 10
guerrillas accused of the murder
of a Union citizen, was
delivered up to him he would
hang 10 United States officers
who might fall into his hands.
22.All political State prisoners
released by order of the
Secretary of War.
1. Third session of Thirty-seventh Congress; President's message
recommended the passage of a law
guaranteeing compensation to
each loyal State that would
emancipate its slaves before the
6. General Banks's expedition sailed for New Orleans.
7. Confederate General Morgan captured the One hundred and fourth
Illinois, the One hundred and
sixth and One hundred and eighth
Ohio, and a number of the Second
Indiana Cavalry at Hartsville,
Tenn.; California steamer Ariel,
captured by the Alabama, was
released upon a ransom of
$228,000, to be paid at the
close of the war.
11. The city of Fredericksburg
bombarded by Union troops, under
cover of which they crossed the
13. An expedition under
Commodore Parker destroyed the
Confederate salt works; also
five schooners and two sloops in
Mob Jack Bay.
14. General Banks's expedition
arrived at New Orleans, and
Major-General Butler was
18. Certain Republican Senators
having accused Secretaries
Seward and Chase of being
responsible for the disaster at
Fredericksburg, the latter
tendered their resignations; but
while they were under
advisement, General Burnside
wrote to General Halleck
assuming the responsibility of
the failure and the resignations
were not accepted.
19. Holly Springs, Miss., taken
by Confederate cavalry, who
captured 1,950 officers and men
and destroyed commissary stores
23. Proclamation of Jefferson
Davis denouncing the conduct of
General Butler at New Orleans,
and the hanging of Munford and
threatening to hang Butler if
caught, or any of his officers,
and prohibiting any exchange of
Federal officers taken prisoner
28. Thirty-eight Sioux Indians,
convicted of murdering the
inhabitants of Minnesota, hanged
31. West Virginia admitted into
the Union as a State, taking
effect June 20; steamer Monitor
foundered on the coast of South
Next: Part III 1863