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9. Nomination of John Bell, of Tennessee, for President, and Edward
Everett, of Massachusetts, for
Vice-President, at Baltimore,
Md., by the Union convention.
Lincoln and Hamlin chosen
President and Vice-President by
the electoral votes of seventeen
9. An attempt to seize the arms in Fort Moultrie.
11. Senator Hammond, of South
18. Georgia legislature
appropriated $1,000,000 to arm
the State; Major Anderson sent
to Fort Moultrie to relieve
1. Great secession meeting in
3. Congress met. President Buchanan denied the right of a State to
10. Howell Cobb, Secretary of
the Treasury, resigned; Senator
Clay, of Alabama, resigned.
13. An extra session of the
Cabinet was held to consider the
question of reinforcing Fort
Moultrie; President Buchanan
opposed it, and reinforcements
were not sent.
14. Lewis Cass, Secretary of
State, resigned because
President Buchanan refused to
reinforce Fort Moultrie.
18. The Crittenden compromise
introduced in the United States
20. South Carolina convention
adopted a secession ordinance by
a unanimous vote.
24. South Carolina members of
26. Major Anderson left Fort
Moultrie and took possession of
27. The State troops of South
Carolina seized the Government
property in Charleston and took
possession of Castle Pinckney
and Fort Moultrie.
29. John B. Floyd, Secretary of
War, resigned because the
President refused to withdraw
the troops from Fort Sumter.
30. United States arsenal at
Charleston seized by State
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Ellis, of North Carolina, took
possession of Fort Macon.
3. Georgia State troops seized Fort Pulaski.
4. United States arsenal at Mount Vernon, Ala., seized by State troops.
5. Forts Morgan and Gaines, Ala., seized by State troops.
6. United States arsenal at Apalachicola, Fla., seized by State troops.
7. Fort Marion, Fla., seized by State troops.
8. Jacob B. Thompson, Secretary of the Interior, resigned because the
Star of the West was sent to
Charleston with troops.
9. Steamer Star of the West, with supplies for Fort Sumter, fired on by
Confederate batteries in
Charleston Harbor and driven
back; Fort Johnston, N.C.,
seized by the citizens of
Smithville; Mississippi adopted
the ordinance of secession.
10. Florida adopted the
ordinance of secession; United
States troops transferred from
Fort Barrancas to Fort Pickens,
Fla.; Fort Caswell, N.C., seized
by the citizens of Smithville
11. P.B. Thomas, Secretary of
the Treasury, resigned, and was
succeeded by John A. Dix, of New
York; governor of Louisiana
seized Forts Philip, Jackson,
Pike, and Macomb, and the United
States arsenal at Baton Rouge;
governor of South Carolina
demanded the surrender of Fort
Sumter, which Major Anderson
refused; Alabama adopted the
ordinance of secession.
12. Florida State troops took
possession of Pensacola
Navy-Yard and Forts Barrancas
and McRee; surrender of Fort
13. Lieutenant Slemmer, in
command of Fort Pickens, refused
to obey Commodore Armstrong's
order to surrender the fort to
the Florida troops.
16. Colonel Hayne, of South
Carolina, demanded of President
Buchanan the surrender of Fort
Sumter, which was refused.
18. Virginia appropriated
$1,000,000 for the defense of
19. Georgia passed the act of
20. Forts on Ship Island,
Mississippi, seized by State
21. Jefferson Davis resigned his
seat in the United States
Senate; members of Congress from
23. Members of Congress from
24. The Confederates seized the
United States arsenal at
26. Oglethorpe Barracks, at
Savannah, Ga., and Fort Jackson
seized by State troops.
27. John B. Floyd, late
Secretary of War, indicted by
the grand jury at Washington D.C.,
for maladministration of office
and for conspiracy.
29. Kansas admitted into the
30. The North Carolina
legislature submitted the
convention question to the
people. This was the first
instance of the will of the
people being consulted in regard
to the question of secession.
1. Texas passed an ordinance of secession to be submitted to the will of
the people; Louisiana seized the
United States mint nd
custom-house at New Orleans.
4. Delegates from the seceded States met at Montgomery, Ala., to organize
a Confederate government; peace
congress met at Washington,
D.C., ex-President Tyler being
7. The Choctaw Nation declared its adherence to the Southern Confederacy.
8. United States arsenal at Little Rock, Ark., seized.
9. Jefferson Davis and A.H. Stephens were elected provisional president
and vice-president of the
13. Lincoln and Hamlin declared
elected after the official
16. United States arsenal and
barracks at San Antonio, Tex.,
seized by Confederates.
18. General Twiggs surrendered
United States Government
property in Texas, valued at
$1,200,000, to the Confederacy.
19. General Twiggs superseded by
Colonel Waite, U.S.A.; Fort
Kearny, Nebr., seized.
23. Unexpected arrival of
Lincoln in Washington, having
traveled from Illinois secretly
because of a plot to assassinate
him while passing through
1. General Twiggs expelled from the United States Army; the peace
congress adjourned; the
Confederate government assumed
control of military affairs at
3. General Beauregard took command of Confederate troops at Charleston,
4. Inauguration of Lincoln and Hamlin; the ordinance of secession was
passed by the Texas convention
after having been submitted to
6. Fort Brown, Tex., surrendered by Captain Hill, U.S.A.
9. Confederate Congress passed an act to establish an army.
11. General Bragg assumed
command of the Confederate
forces in Florida.
22. Col. William W. Loring,
U.S.A., assumed command of the
Department of New Mexico.
28. Vote of Louisiana on
secession made public; 20,448
for, 17,926 against.
30. Mississippi convention
constitution by a vote of 78 to
3. South Carolina convention ratified the Confederate constitution by a
vote of 114 to 16.
4. Virginia convention, by a vote of 89 to 45, refused to submit an
ordinance of secession tot he
7. All intercourse between Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C., stopped by
order of General Beauregard.
8. The United States Government notified the South Carolina authorities
that provisions would be sent to
Major Anderson at Fort Sumter by
force, if necessary; the State
Department refused to recognize
the commissioners from the
11. United States troops were
stationed at Washington, D.C.;
the Confederate commissioners
left Washington, D.C.; General
Beauregard demanded the
surrender of Fort Sumter; Major
12. Bombardment of Fort Sumter;
Fort Moultrie opened fire at 4
o'clock a.m.; Fort Sumter did
not reply until 7 o'clock; Major
Anderson had under his command
111 men, including officers,
musicians, and laborers.
13. The bombardment continued;
by noon most of the woodwork was
on fire; General Wigfall came
with a flag of truce, and
arrangements were made for
evacuating the fort; the terms
were that the garrison should
take all its individual and
company property; that they
should march out with their side
arms in their own way, at their
own time, and that they should
salute their flag and take it
with them; Daniel Hough,
private, Battery E, First United
States Artillery, was killed by
the premature explosion of a
cannon while saluting the Union
flag on Fort Sumter at the
evacuation; he was buried on the
15th, with all the honors of
war, by order of General
Beauregard, C.S.A.; he was the
first soldier killed in the war;
Col. Harvey Brown, Second United
States Artillery, assumed
command of the Department of
14. Major Anderson and his men
sailed for New York.
15. President Lincoln issued a
proclamation commanding all
persons in arms against the
Government to disperse within
twenty days, and also called for
75,000 troops; President Lincoln
called an extra session of
Congress to meet July 4; the
governor of north Carolina
refused to furnish the quota of
militia to the United States;
Fort Macon, N.C., seized by
16. Governor Magoffin declared
that "Kentucky would furnish no
troops for the wicked purpose of
subduing her sister States."
16. The Confederate government
called for 32,000 men; the
governors of Kentucky, Virginia,
Tennessee, and Missouri refused
to furnish troops under
17. Virginia convention adopted
the ordinance of secession to be
submitted to the people;
Jefferson Davis issued a
proclamation offering letters of
marquee and reprisal to all who
wished to engage in
18. United States arsenal at
harpers Ferry, Va., destroyed by
Lieutenant Jones to prevent it
falling into the hands of the
Confederates; Colonel Cake with
400 men of the Twenty-fifth
Pennsylvania Volunteers arrived
in Washington, D.C., the first
volunteer troops to enter the
city for its defense. Governor
Jackson, of Missouri, declared
that the requisition of
President Lincoln for troops was
revolutionary, and diabolical."
19. President Lincoln proclaimed
the Southern ports in a state of
blockade. The Sixth
Massachusetts Volunteers was
attacked by a mob while passing
through Baltimore, Md., and 3
soldiers were killed; the
soldiers fired on the mob,
killing 11 and wounding many;
Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson,
Pennsylvania militia, was
assigned to command of the
States of Delaware, Maryland,
Pennsylvania, and District of
appropriated $1,000,000 to equip
volunteers and support their
20. Several bridges on the
Northern Pennsylvania Railroad
destroyed by Maryland
Confederates to prevent the
passage of troops to Washington;
the Fourth Massachusetts arrived
at Fortress Monroe, Va.; The
Gosport Navy-Yard destroyed, and
several war vessels scuttled by
General McCauley to prevent them
falling into the hands of the
Confederates; the Cumberland was
towed out; General Butler's
command arrived at Annapolis,
Md.; United States arsenal at
Liberty, Mo., seized by
21. The Government took
possession of the Philadelphia
and Baltimore Railroad; Senator
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee,
mobbed at Lynchburg, Va.;
Colonel Van Dorn, C.S.A.,
assumed command in Texas; United
States mint at Charlotte, N.C.,
22. United States arsenal at
Fayetteville, N.C., seized by
State troops; governor of
Arkansas refused to furnish
quota of militia to United
23. Fort Smith, Ark., seized by
Confederates; Maj. Gen. R.E. Lee
assigned to command of the State
military and naval forces in
Virginia; United States officers
at San Antonio, Tex., seized by
Confederates as prisoners of
25. Major Sibley surrendered 420
United States troops to Colonel
Van Dorn, C.S.A., at Saluria,
Tex.; Governor Letcher
proclaimed Virginia a member of
the Southern Confederacy.
26. Maj. Gen. Jo0seph E.
Johnston assigned to command of
Virginia State forces in and
27. All officers of the United
States army were required to
take the oath of allegiance tot
he United States; Brig, Gen.
B.F. Butler, Massachusetts
militia, assigned to command of
Department of Annapolis; Col.
K.F. Mansfield, U.S.A., assigned
to command of Department of
Washington; the Naval Academy at
Annapolis, Md., ordered to Fort
29. Maryland house of delegates
rejected the ordinance of
secession by a vote of 63 to 13.
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